Just twenty-four hours in Delhi, but I had the chance to stroll round two magical places.
Red naped ibis are not uncommon at Lodhi Gardens, but I've never got this close. By the lake, there was a patch of wet ground, and this ibis was so busy grubbing away in the mud with its spectacular curved beak that it didn't mind that I was within a few feet.
The sound you can hear, by the way, is the honking and cackling of scores of geese on the lake
At Sunder Nursery not more than a mile away, I had an enchanting encounter with an Indian grey hornbill
The hornbill had a ball of mud in its beak which - as far as I could make out - it was using to seal the tree cavity it had chosen as its nest. Wonderful!
And just a short distance away, in the nursery's wilderness area, I chanced across a family of peafowl
I didn't spot any of my favourite, the hoopoe, on this brief visit. Next time!
Introducing one of the most beautiful birds I've ever seen - the Indian paradise flycatcher. These are not my photos, alas. But I have had the good fortune to glimpse this elusive bird while in Chennai in both colourings.
The birds pictured are both males. Alongside the college I teach at in Chennai is a piece of land which has largely reverted to jungle. It's said that there's a haunted guest house hidden behind the foliage.
There, on about a dozen occasions, I've seen the white version of this magical bird. It's sometimes perched under a dense canopy of branches, biding its time. Then it moves in staccato fashion, catching the eye with the flash of its amazing tail feathers. It rests for a moment, and then it's gone.
Al least, that's my excuse for not managing even a passable photo. I did get a couple of hurried shots on my phone. Here they are, as taken and then zooming in on this little dash of paradise.
No, I know they won't win any prizes. Nor will my video clips, but you do get a sense of the vivid splash of colour when it flits around
And there's another touch of it here - that tail must be 40 or 50 centimetres!
And then at the Theosophical Society's headquarters here the other day, I had the great good fortune to see, albeit fleetingly, the rufus-coloured version of this same species. Spectacular!
Once again, my photography didn't quite live up to the moment - but here goes -
I did say it was just a glimpse of paradise - but what a joy!
T Nagar is the beating commercial heart of Chennai. It's where the big silk and sari shops are, and the glitzy jewellery stores, and where Pondi Bazaar pulls in the punters.
The locality's full name - which absolutely nobody uses - is Theagaraya Nagar and it was developed from the 1920s, though even the older commercial buildings now standing don't date back beyond the 1950s.
I went for a heritage walk round T Nagar this morning with Madras Inherited, looking at - among other things - the more traditional shops and businesses and the signage they use.
Pandian Coffees are traditional coffee roasters, producing the filter coffee for which South India is (justly) famous.
The signage is in enamel - a sign of something close to antiquity in this bustling, fast evolving neighbourhood (if it doesn't look all hustle-and-bustle in this photo, that's because it was taken at half-past-six in the morning).
Almost next door is a traditional men's hairdressers, complete with old style barber's chairs and mirrors. The signage here is striking - it's wood, with each letter (in Tamil and English) made individually.
The adjoining khadi store - selling goods made from home-spun cotton - has signs in three languages. The one in the middle in purple is Telugu, principally spoken in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, but once widely spoken here by newcomers to the city from elsewhere in the south.
This is the most elegantly signed shopfront - the original business premises of Nalli's the famous sari shop. It has a massive store just next door. The lettering is in an Art Deco style font.
Although the business was established in 1928, this shop and frontage dates from the early 1950s.
Gama Pens, famed for their fountain pens, no longer trades in T Nagar - though it still has a branch in George Town not too far away. But the electric signage remains in place, for the moment at least.
Salam Stores was still firmly shuttered when we went past, but it retains a loyal - if ageing - clientele.
Here's Ashmitha from Madras Inherited holding forth outside a shutter which invites the passer-by to have a cuppa - a pity that when the shutter is down, there's no cuppa on offer.
And if you are wondering what sort of people get up before dawn on a rain-soaked Saturday morning to walk round a range of shuttered shop fronts, here's your answer!
This is Annie Besant - one of the most remarkable, and complex, figures in the annals of British radicalism.
She was in, the first halfof her life, a renowned and outspoken freethinker, advocate of birth control, Fabian socialist and campaigner for women's rights. Then in about 1890, when she was in her forties, she came across theosophy, a spiritual movement which sought to syncretise the best of the principal global religions and which drew particularly on Hinduism and Buddhism.
Besant moved to Madras (now Chennai) in South India, the global centre of the theosophist movement, and it became her principal home for the rest of her life. She remained a radical, becoming prominent in the Indian nationalist and home rule movements, and she was an ardent supporter of women's suffrage.
This excellent portrait - which I had never seen before - is in the small but well-kept and recently refurbished museum at the theosophists' international HQ at Adyar in Chennai. You can feel the sternness in that gaze!
Adyar is where Besant died and was cremated in 1933. The theosophist HQ also has a bust of Besant.
What I hadn't realised until I visited the museum was that Besant was also a very active freemason. One of the display cases exhibits dozens of engraved plasterers' trowels presented to Besant by women masons in India.
When I said to the German theosophist who presides over the museum: 'Besant was a mason?!', he replied - very reasonably: 'What wasn't she?'
The sprawling Adyar campus, and the theosophists' headquarters building, looked serene - better cared for than on my previous visit and altogether a wonderful place to spend a couple of hours.
I was a little underwhelmed by the Giant Banyan Tree, but the roosting fruit bats were something else!
The rail station at Egmore is an Indo-Saracenic architectural masterpiece. It's huge, glorious and a throwback to another era.
Some of the detail is simply stunning. Take a look above the portico - there's an ornate elephant, the symbol of the South Indian Railway Company (now Southern Railways which explains why the 'I' has been painted out).
The station was inaugurated on 11 June 1908, almost forty years before India gained independence. In a city which has some spectacular buildings, this station is certainly among Chennai's highlights.
My visit this morning was prompted by a newspaper article extolling the majesty of Egmore station - and disclosing that it's about to undergo a three-year redevelopment programme. While this will respect the original structure and design, the rail station will, once spruced up, 'wear the look of an airport', according to Southern Railways.
This doesn't strike me as hugely reassuring. I hope INTACH and other organisations which have a marevllous record in safeguarding's Chennai's architectural heritage can ensure that the spirit, elegance and charm of the original building is maintained.
The detail in and around the entrance hall is entrancing - you don't get any of this at Euston or Waterloo, more's the pity.
The station's upkeep isn'tperfect - but it is a much used, and loved, terminus. And generally, it's not in too bad a state.
Egmore has some of those institutions which are such a hallmark of an Indian railway station, though they do sometime alarm foreign visitors ...
And from the walkways you can catch a glimpse of an even more elegant and historic Egmore building, St Andrew's Scots Kirk (the rear entry to the station is just alongside the Kirk)
While at the station, I saw a sign pointing up a sturdy wooden staircase to the retiring rooms, so that's where I went ...
These rooms which passengers can hire for a few hours or overnight open onto a light, spacious outdoor corridor - which has the feel of one of the oldest and least changed corners of this magnificent structure
And a terrace on top of the portico offers a marvellous vantage point on the station's sumptuous frontage
Let's hope that the splendour of Egmore station is enhanced rather than diluted as the redevelopment work gets underway.
Indira Nagar station - a building so vast and ugly it gives brutalism a bad name - is now a riot of colour and hope. It features the largest panoramic mural in India, or at least it was the largest when unveiled two years ago.
The wall painting stretches over 63,000 square feet and features five huge faces - or rather, split faces because each face is a composite of two similarly sized but mis-matching half faces.
This spectacular piece of public art also has a noble purpose - to tackle the stigma so often faced by those living with HIV. It combines the portraits of those with the virus and those without.
But of course you can't tell the difference. That's the point. We are all the same.
I suspect that most of those who drive by don't get the HIV message. But they do get the majesty of such kindly, everyday faces looking out on one of Chennai's busiest highways.
And a shout-out for the artists - the Chennai-based street artist A-Kill and Khatra from Delhi.
I can't think of a more ambitious and effective piece of public art.
Whatever it says on the hoarding, I don't think this guy sitting above one of Chennai's busiest and fastest roads is 'experiencing the benefit' of this 'strategic location'.
He's trying to adjust the lighting on the billbord while sitting astride it forty feet or so above the road. No harness, no safety gear, no partial road closure - nothing.
A police patrol was positioned directly under the footbridge, pouncing on unsuspecting motorcyclists and fining them for something or other. But the police didn't bat an eyelid about the high rise recklessness on display above them.
I seem to remember that "holy cow" was Boy Robin's catchphrase in the Batman TV programmes of my childhood. And of course in Hinduism, the cow is holy (though perhaps sacred might be a better word).
You are reminded of that forcefully at some of the bigger Hindu temples here in Chennai. Cows, or more probably bulls to judge by their splendid horns, loiter round the perimeter of the temple. Their horns are sometimes vividly painted. Street vendors sell foilage, a wispy plant with small leaves (anyone know what it is?) which the devout buy simply to feed to these cows.
And my, when there's some fresh food on offer, those cows go for it! Bystander beware!! It has something of the effect of throwing bread to the ducks in the park pond - except these beasts could flatten you in their determination to get to the grub.
These temple cows are very different from the much more placid beasts you still sometimes come across in the city's back streets. The painted horn type own the road - it's you who have to give way. A truck or bus may oblige them to give ground, but anyone else gets out of their way if they are wise.
I came across these impressive beasts this weekend in Triplicane, an inner-city locality.
But then strolling along a back street, I glanced through an open door and saw this ...
It coudn't be a cow, could it, in someone's front parlour? Of course not! It was two cows!!
I tried to peek in, but that made the cows restless - and there was a man with them, probably milking them. So I let them all get on with it.
I asked a Chennai-ite whether cows indoors were a common sight. She commented that she'd never seen such a thing before.
I know what Boy Robin would have said ...
Up early this morning - really early - for a marvellous heritage walk with Madras Inherited (a big shout out to Ashmitha and Muna). We gathered at half-past-six, just as it was getting light, and ended the walk two hours later with a traditional Tamil breakfast (dosa, idli, sambar, vada, coconut chutney. fantastic filter coffee) in a local mess or cafe.
We walked through Triplicane in Chennai's inner city. It has an ancient Hindu temple, a commanding mosque and the palace of the Nawab of Arcot. It also has a reputation as an area where incomers to Chennai congregate, because it's central and you can get cheap accommodation amid the congested back streets.
But this walk focussed on the houses of Triplicane, and the amazing mix of architectural styles you can find if you look around you: traditional (both religious and secular), neo-classical, Ind0-Saracenic, Art Deco (quite a lot of this, delightfully) ...
And Indo-Deco. Think a fusion cuisine sort of thing as applied to architecture. The sharp lines and perpendiculars of Art Deco with some archetypally Indian elements added. Take the image above - the sun bursts are a staple of Art Deco, but the swastika is 'desi'.
I was taken by the detail - the ironwork on doors and balconies, the lattice-style screens to shield tiny verandahs, all the care with which designers crafts people and householders have marked out their property and given it distinction.
But we started with a dekko - an English slang loan word from Hindi, where 'dekko' is an imperative meaning: look! - at an old traditional single storey building, with clay tiles and much patched up roof. Several of these buildings survive, though most have been replaced by three- and four-storey houses.
On the roof, you can see a rather battered terracotta head. This was placed to ward off evil spirits.
If I was an evil spirit (I'm not!) I'm not sure this fairly genial likeness would be enough to keep me at bay - but perhaps it has helped to keep this building standing when so many others of its kind have gone.
The man whose house this is clearly takes great pride in its antiquity. But it's an open question how much longer these almost anachronistic architectural remnants of an earlier era will survive.
It's taken an awfully long time. But thanks to the Welsh women's press Honno, and to my wonderful co-editor Mohini Gupta, a collection of Dorothy Bonarjee's poetry has appeared in print for the first time. Not only that, it's included in Honno's Welsh Women's Classics series.
Almost all these poems were written while Dorothy was a student at the University College of Wales at Aberystwyth from 1912 to 1916 and shortly afterwards.
The book is very handsomely produced and sells for just £10.99 - it's available from gwales.com as well as the usual online behemoths. And this is not simply an antiquarian exercise - Dorothy's poems, many of which were published in journals in Wales, are powerful, elegiac, often troublingly sad, and eminently worth reading.
Dorothy Bonarjee is renowned for winning the bardic chair at the UCW Eisteddfod in 1914 - the first woman and the first overseas student to achieve that distinction. Only a few lines of the winning poem have survived, but that triumph gave Bonarjee the confidence to embark on a very productive few years of writing. She was published by a monthly, the Welsh Outlook, as well as by the UCW journal, The Dragon.
These poems and their author might well have been forgotten but for the detemination of Dorothy's niece, Sheela Bonarjee, who has championed her Auntie Dorf and her poetry. She also safeguarded the black exercise book in which Dorothy set down many of her poems.
Dorothy Bonarjee was born in India to a Bengali brahmin family which had converted to Christiantity. She came to England aged about ten and never headed back to India. It's a remarkable story - told here and at more length in the book - which I also explored in a radio documentary for the BBC World Service:
Hardly any of Dorothy Bonarjee's verse touches on India or her own Indian background. But there's a strong sense of the trauma and dislocation caused by the First World War. And there's also a reflection of a very personal anguish.
This is the note she wrote much later in life about one of her poems:
The poem Dorothy Bonarjee is referring to in this note is 'Renunciation'. Here's Mohini Gupta reading it:
I do hope you are tempted to read the book. We need your support - and Honno deserves strong sales. You won't be disappointed!
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