I am posting on this site interviews I have done down the years with people with a stake in the Kashmir issue - mainly Kashmiris themselves, but also some of those who have gone to fight in and for Kashmir. It includes political figures as well as combatants, and people from all points of view.
The radio documentaries I have made about Kashmir, and some of the shorter radio features, can be found here - and for ease of reference they are reposted lower down this page. And the various pieces about Kashmir I contributed to BBC radios From Our Own Correspondent, are in yet another section.
Chants during ritual cleansing at Pir Dastgir shrine, Srinagar: 1993
I recorded this very powerful and resonant chanting on my first visit to the Kashmir Valley in, I think, the summer of 1993. The floor of the mosque was being ritually washed and cleansed after the killing of two or three young Kashmiris. They were being pursued by Indian security forces and ran into the shrine where - I was told - they were killed.
Azaadi slogans in Srinagar, 1994
Another recording from my first visit to Kashmir - adults and youngsters gathering in a street in Srinagar, in part attracted by my microphone, to chant 'azaadi', freedom, the slogan associated with the separatist movement. The photo above, by the way, is of Srinagar's magnificent Jama Masjid.
Grenade blast, Srinagar, 1995
Walking near my hotel in Srinagar, I noticed a crowd gathered and the road - a busy city centre road, Residency Road - cordoend off. I was told that an unexploded grenade had been found and was to be detonated. I started recording and within a minute or two came the blast and then the sound of a shower of fine debris landing all around.
Conch shells in Jammu at the start of the Amarnath Yatra, 1995
The Amarnath Yatra is a big Hindu pilgrimage which starts from Jammu and heads to a cave high in the Kashmir Valley where a naturally occurring ice pillar or shiva lingam is venerated. At times the yatra has been attended by high security and there were occasional attacks on the pilgrims,. This recording was made as the yatris or pilgrims were heading off from Jammu at the commencement of the annual pilgrimage in 1995.